Scaling & Root Planing
While routine dental cleaning is done to help prevent gum disease, to help treat gum disease, dentists use a non-surgical method called scaling and root planing. This is a deep cleaning that is done below the gumline. When plaque is not properly removed from the teeth, it can cause the gums to get inflammed. When this happens, the gum can pull away from the teeth, forming pockets, that can trap the plaque and tartar. Scaling removes the plaque from below the gumline. After the scaling is done, the root planing is done to smooth the root of the tooth, helping the gum to reattach to the tooth.
The scaling and root planing procedure may sometimes require more than one visit.